Malnutrition and mortality patterns among internally displaced and non-displaced population living in a camp, a village or a town in Eastern Chad.

Guerrier G, Zounoun M, Delarosa O, Defourny I, Lacharite M, Brown V, Pedalino B.

The study found a high mortality rate among Internally Displaced Persons and an elevated prevalence of wasting not only in IDP camps but also in villages located in the same region.

The objective of the study was to assess mortality and nutritional patterns among displaced and non-displaced population living in camps, villages and a town in the Ouddaï and Salamat regions of Chad.

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The study found that Crude Mortality Rate among 4902 IDPs in Gozbeida camps, 4477 Non Displaced Persons (NDP) living in a village and 4073 NDPs living in a town surveyed was 1.8 , 0.3 and 0.3 per 10,000 per day, respectively. The Under 5 Mortality Rate in a camp (n = 904), a village (n = 956) and a town (n = 901) was 4.1, 0.5 and 0.7 per 10,000 per day, respectively. Diarrhoea was reported to be the main cause of death. Acute malnutrition rates (according to the WHO definition) among 904 IDP children, 956 NDPs children living in a village, 901 NDP children living in a town aged 6 to 59 months were 20.6%, 16.4%, and 10.1% respectively. The town-dweller population remains at risk of malnutrition.

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